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2014 1st Semester Exam

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

The War of 1812 concluded America’s second war with Great Britain. All of the following were causes of the war except:
a.
Britain captured American ships  at sea.
c.
The King of England insulted President Madison.
b.
Britain gave guns to the American Indians.
d.
Britain would force American sailors to join the British Navy.
 

 2. 

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Which Title best completes the diagram above?
a.
Federalism
c.
Republicanism
b.
Unalienable Rights
d.
Voting Rights
 

 3. 

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This event was the result of the passage of the -
a.
Interstate Commerce Act
c.
Sherman Antitrust Act
b.
17th Amendment
d.
19th Amendment
 

 4. 

Thomas Jeffersons election as President in 1800 was viewed as a Revolution because:
a.
France just had a revolution and taught Jefferson how to take power.
c.
Jeffersons Democratic Republican party overthrew John Adam’s government using violence.
b.
it was the first time the office of President had changed peacefully from one political party to another.
d.
Britain came out as a strong supporter for Thomas Jefferson.
 

 5. 

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a.
1
c.
3
b.
2
d.
4
 

 6. 

Use the Diagram and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.

mc006-1.jpg
Which title best completes the diagram above?
a.
Freedom from unreasonable searches
c.
Right to vote
b.
Freedom of speech
d.
Right to bear arms
 

 7. 


One major economic impact of the Civil War was the -

a.
emergence of the South as a manufacturing center
c.
strengthening of the North and Midwest industrial regions
b.
increase in the number of laborers relocating to the South
d.
increase in tariffs imposed on French and British goods
 

 8. 

Who was the most outspoken member of the Virginia House of Burgesses that famously declared , “Give me liberty or give me death”?
a.
Thomas Jefferson
c.
James Madison
b.
Patrick Henry
d.
Alexander Hamilton
 

 9. 

Which issue led to the development of the first political parties in the
United States?
a.
Abolition of slavery
c.
Expansion of western territories
b.
Women’s suffrage
d.
National government’s powers
 

 10. 

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a.
Panic of 1837
c.
Compromise of 1850
b.
Annexation of Texas
d.
Election of Abraham Lincoln
 

 11. 

The different types of economies in the original colonies were primarily a reflection of the -
a.
nationalities of the settlers
c.
provisions of the charters
b.
geography of the areas
d.
religion of the settlers
 

 12. 

Marbury v Madison has importance as the most important court case in American history because:
a.
it introduced the importance of the supremacy clause.
c.
it was John Marshall’s first decision as Chief Justice.
b.
it introduced the power of judicial review which locked in the supreme courts position as a coequal branch of government.
d.
the necessary and proper clause was used to get rid of the group of Supreme court justices that President Adam’s had nominated.
 

 13. 

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a.
halt production at meatpacking plants
c.
fund research to find a cure for Tuberculosis
b.
pass a law calling for closer regulation of food quality
d.
pass a law to limit work hours in meatpacking plants.
 

 14. 

mc014-1.jpgThe Diagram above best describes the constitutional priciple of -
a.
checks and balances
c.
federalism
b.
popular sovereignity
d.
republicanism
 

 15. 

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a.
progressives
c.
reformers
b.
muckrakers
d.
exploiters
 

 16. 

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a.
Confederate attack on Fort Sumter
c.
Purchase of the Louisiana Territory
b.
Independence gained from Mexico
d.
Completion of the Transcontinental Railroad
 

 17. 

mc017-1.jpg
a.
Whitney’s interchangeable parts
c.
Taylor’s scientific management
b.
Fulton’s steam engine
d.
Bessemer’s steel process
 

 18. 

The Kansas Nebraska Act brought about the possibility that these two territories could choose whether or not they would be free or slave states. This “choosing” is called:
a.
picking
c.
suffrage
b.
popular soveriegnity
d.
electing
 

 19. 

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a.
Congress did not have the authority to levy an income tax.
c.
Separate but equal facilities for African Americans were legal
b.
Labor strikes which caused hardships for Americans were unconstitutional
d.
American Indians (First Americans) must reside on reservations
 

 20. 

Uprisings led by Nat Turner and Gabriel Prosser contributed to the Southern states’ decisions to -

a.
pass harsh fugitive slave laws
c.
enact Jim Crow legislation
b.
accept the Missouri Compromise
d.
support the passing of higher tariffs
 

 21. 

What branch or branches of government did the Articles of Confederation create?
a.
Legislative (Congress)
c.
The Executive (President)
b.
Judicial (Supreme Court)
d.
Both A & C
 

 22. 

John Locke’s ideas contributed to the Declaration of Independence because he influenced the belief in -
a.
capitalism and free enterprise
c.
a strong federal government and rule of law
b.
self-government and natural rights
d.
a monarchy and democracy
 

 23. 

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a.
Decreasing voter turnout
c.
The decline of American political parties
b.
The rise of the common man in American politics
d.
Political corruption in elections
 

 24. 

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The above famous print of the Boston Massacre is most significant because it is:
a.
one of America’s first best pieces of propaganda.
c.
made from a silver engraving by John Adams.
b.
made by Boston’s Sam Adams
d.
one of the first violent attacks by the British on the colonists.
 

 25. 

Use the Diagram and your knowledge of Social Studies to answer the following question.
mc025-1.jpg
Put the above events in order (oldest to newest).
a.
A,D,C,B
c.
C,A,B,D
b.
D,C,A,B
d.
B,D,C,A
 

 26. 



mc026-1.jpg
We study immigration in terms of a first and second wave. One occurs up to the 1870’s and the other after the 1870’s. Which country best completes the above table?
a.
Russia
c.
Great Britain
b.
France
d.
Spain
 

 27. 


mc027-1.jpg

The above picture references a British policy put into effect by King George III. Which of the following choices goes best with the above picture.
a.
the proclamation of 1763
c.
the Intolerable Acts
b.
the Coercive Acts..
d.
the proclamation of rebellion.
 

 28. 

Who wrote the following quote, “ In the following pages I offer nothing more than simple facts, plain arguments, and common sense.
a.
Thomas Jefferson
c.
Thomas Paine
b.
John Locke
d.
James Madison
 

 29. 

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a.
Women’s suffrage
c.
Right to petition
b.
Abolition of slavery
d.
Freedom from poll taxes
 

 30. 

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a.
Impeachment of Andrew Johnson
c.
End of Jim Crow Era
b.
Emancipation Proclamation
d.
Conclusion of Reconstruction
 

 31. 

mc031-1.jpg

Which economic factor completes this diagram?
a.
Laissez-faire Policies
c.
Low Consumer Demands
b.
High Interest Rates
d.
Strict Price Controls
 

 32. 

Which document directly influenced the first ten amendments to the
Constitution of the United States?
a.
Mayflower Compact
c.
Articles of Confederation
b.
Virginia Declaration of Rights
d.
Emancipation Proclamation
 

 33. 

Which war was responsible for adding Texas, New Mexico, and California to the United States and would later bring about Compromise of 1850 to help America decide what to do with the new territory.
a.
War of 1812
c.
Civil War
b.
War with Mexico
d.
The Revolutionary War
 

 34. 

Why did Europeans settle in the English colonies?
a.
Freedom from religious  persecution
c.
wanted to conquer the Indians
b.
Economic freedom
d.
Freedom of religion and economic opportunity.
 

 35. 

mc035-1.jpg
Which of the following best completes the chart?
a.
Frederick Douglas
c.
Henry Bessemer
b.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
d.
Eugene Debs
 

 36. 

Which of the following choices is an example of the British policy of Salutary neglect with the Colonies.
a.
the proclamation of 1763
c.
stationed more troops in the colonies
b.
the Stamp Act
d.
colonies could govern themselves as they wished.
 

 37. 

As one of the first federalists Alexander Hamilton believed in all of the following except
a.
Pro US Bank
c.
States Rights over the federal govt.
b.
Pro British
d.
loose-constructionist views on interpreting the constitution.
 

 38. 

mc038-1.jpg
Which nation followed this advice and allied with the colonies?
a.
Austria
c.
Russia
b.
France
d.
Spain
 

 39. 

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a.
2,1,3,4
c.
3,4,2,1
b.
3,2,4,1
d.
4,2,3,1
 

 40. 

Which individual helped found the National Association for the Advancement
of Colored People (NAACP)?
a.
James Meredith
c.
Thurgood Marshall
b.
W.E.B. DuBois
d.
Booker T. Washington
 

 41. 

The Great Awakening of was a movement that challenged both _________ & __________ order of things in the colonies.
a.
economic & social
c.
military & religious
b.
religious & social
d.
economic & religious
 

 42. 

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a.
voting in elections
c.
becoming missionaries
b.
working in factories
d.
studying economics
 

 43. 


All of the following were goals of the progressive movement but:
a.
elimination of social injustices
c.
increasing the size of the military
b.
guaranteed economic opportunities through government regulation (making laws).
d.
government controlled by the people
 

 44. 

The colonists responded to the Stamp Act with the following words:
a.
Don’t tread on me!
c.
Go Home!
b.
No taxation without representation!
d.
Give me Liberty or Give me Death!
 

 45. 


mc045-1.jpg
a.
creating a strategy for a Union victory
c.
convincing Congress to abolish slavery
b.
eliminating Jim Crow laws
d.
readmitting the Confederate states
 

 46. 

Robber Baron or Captains of Industry

Which of the following people does not belong with the following table.

mc046-1.jpg
a.
Carnegie
c.
Rockefeller
b.
Vanderbilt
d.
Wright Brothers
 

 47. 

Which of the following Civil Rights Leaders grew up in the south and made the important “Atlanta Compromise” speech in Atlanta, Georgia 1895.
a.
W.E.B. Dubois
c.
Frederick Douglas
b.
Booker T. Washington
d.
Abraham Lincoln
 

 48. 

The British trade policy of requiring the colonists to sell all of thier raw goods to Britain and requiring the colonists to buy all their finished products from Britain was called
a.
Salutary Neglect
c.
Piracy
b.
Mercantilism
d.
Free - Trade
 

 49. 

Use the table and your knowledge of social studiesto answer the following question
mc049-1.jpg
The table above lists exchanges between which areas?
a.
Europe, Asia, and Africa
c.
Europe, Africa, and the Americas
b.
Africa, Australia, and the Americas
d.
Australia, Antarctica, and Africa
 

 50. 

The spoils system was first used by this president to aid people who helped him get elected in getting jobs.
a.
Thomas Jefferson
c.
Andrew Jackson
b.
James Monroe
d.
Abraham Lincoln
 

 51. 

mc051-1.jpg
a.
the right of Deposit at New Orlean
c.
the balance between slave and free states
b.
funding for internal improvements
d.
the relocation of American Indians (First Americans)
 

 52. 

Government should not interefere with Gilded Age American businesses. Businesses got away with abuses of the immigrant population. Businesses were willing to do anything to turn a profit. The above illustrates best the concept of :
a.
Mercantilism
c.
Full employment immigration.
b.
laissez -Faire capitalism
d.
Socialism.
 

 53. 


The initial French exploration of North America resulted in -

a.
economic colonies in Florida
c.
plantations using slave labor
b.
competition with Spanish settlers
d.
cooperation with native groups
 

 54. 

Which principle is shared by the Articles of Confederation and the
Constitution of the United States?
a.
Judicial review
c.
Separation of powers
b.
Limited government
d.
Checks and balances
 

 55. 

The Great Migration of the early 20th century refers to the movement of
a.
European immigrants to western cities
c.
African Americans from the South to northern cities
b.
European immigrants to northeastern cities
d.
African Americans from the Midwest to eastern cities
 

 56. 

The Battle of Gettysburg was a significant event of the Civil War because it -
a.
caused states to secede from the Union
c.
forced the surrender of the South
b.
was the opening conflict of the war
d.
was the turning point of the war
 

 57. 


mc057-1.jpg
Use your knowledge of the American Revolution to put the above events in the proper order (first to last).
a.
a,b,c,d
c.
c,b,a,d
b.
c,a,b,d
d.
d,c,a,b
 

 58. 



mc058-1.jpg

The above state was purchased in 1867 from Russia for 7.2 million dollars. This purchase was also known as

a.
Sewards Folly
c.
Roosevelt’s New Deal
b.
a bargain
d.
Johnson’s Bargain
 

 59. 

Which of the following did not help encourage America to meet its Manifest Destiny?
a.
Canals
c.
Cotton Gin
b.
Railroads
d.
Steam Engine
 

 60. 



mc060-1.jpg

a.
1565
c.
1607
b.
1587
d.
1620
 



 
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