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April 2013 Practice Test U.S. & VA. History - Poley

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 



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a.
1565
c.
1607
b.
1587
d.
1620
 

 2. 


Which colony was established as a business venture?
a.
Connecticut
c.
Georgia
b.
Massachusetts
d.
Virginia
 

 3. 


The initial French exploration of North America resulted in -

a.
economic colonies in Florida
c.
plantations using slave labor
b.
competition with Spanish settlers
d.
cooperation with native groups
 

 4. 


The Treaty of Alliance of 1778 was signed by the United States and -
a.
Spain
c.
Russia
b.
Portugal
d.
France
 

 5. 

Which factor contributed to colonial victory in the American Revolution?
a.
Shortages of British troops
c.
Lack of British popular support
b.
Disloyalty of British generals
d.
Weakness of the British Navy
 

 6. 

Which document directly influenced the first ten amendments to the
Constitution of the United States?
a.
Mayflower Compact
c.
Articles of Confederation
b.
Virginia Declaration of Rights
d.
Emancipation Proclamation
 

 7. 


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a.
colonial businesses to support royal taxes
c.
colonists to have representation in Parliament
b.
powers of the colonial legislatures to increase
d.
laws passed by Parliament to govern the colonies
 

 8. 

Which issue led to the development of the first political parties in the
United States?
a.
Abolition of slavery
c.
Expansion of western territories
b.
Women’s suffrage
d.
National government’s powers
 

 9. 


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a.
ignoring the contributions of political supporters
c.
using the presidential veto to overrule Congress
b.
using the military against the Cherokee Nation
d.
opposing federal funding of internal improvements
 

 10. 

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a.
Industrial pollution
c.
Political corruption
b.
Economic devastation
d.
Agricultural destruction
 

 11. 

Uprisings led by Nat Turner and Gabriel Prosser contributed to the Southern states’ decisions to -

a.
pass harsh fugitive slave laws
c.
enact Jim Crow legislation
b.
accept the Missouri Compromise
d.
support the passing of higher tariffs
 

 12. 

In the Gettysburg Address, President Abraham Lincoln rejected the idea that the country was -

a.
a federation of sovereign states
c.
committed to unity at any cost
b.
a society based on equality
d.
founded on democratic ideals
 

 13. 

The Battle of Gettysburg was a significant event of the Civil War because it -
a.
caused states to secede from the Union
c.
forced the surrender of the South
b.
was the opening conflict of the war
d.
was the turning point of the war
 

 14. 

Which group helped Andrew Jackson become President of the United States the first time they could participate in an election?
a.
People allowed to vote without paying a poll tax
c.
People allowed to vote without owning property
b.
Newly freed slaves from West Africa
d.
Naturalized immigrants from Eastern Europe
 

 15. 

Which man was a United States Senator who became the leader of
the Confederacy?

a.
Robert E. Lee
c.
Nat Turner
b.
Jefferson Davis
d.
Stonewall Jackson
 

 16. 


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a.
creating a strategy for a Union victory
c.
convincing Congress to abolish slavery
b.
eliminating Jim Crow laws
d.
readmitting the Confederate states
 

 17. 


One major economic impact of the Civil War was the -

a.
emergence of the South as a manufacturing center
c.
strengthening of the North and Midwest industrial regions
b.
increase in the number of laborers relocating to the South
d.
increase in tariffs imposed on French and British goods
 

 18. 

The Great Migration of the early 20th century refers to the movement of
a.
European immigrants to western cities
c.
African Americans from the South to northern cities
b.
European immigrants to northeastern cities
d.
African Americans from the Midwest to eastern cities
 

 19. 

Which individual helped found the National Association for the Advancement
of Colored People (NAACP)?
a.
James Meredith
c.
Thurgood Marshall
b.
W.E.B. DuBois
d.
Booker T. Washington
 

 20. 

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During World War II, the purpose of posters sunch as this was to -
a.
motivate American women to enter the work force in defense factories
c.
show how Americans on the home front could contribute to the war effort
b.
encourage civilians to become members of the armed forces
d.
pressure industries to dedicate their resources to war manufacturing
 

 21. 

mc021-1.jpg

Which economic factor completes this diagram?
a.
Laissez-faire Policies
c.
Low Consumer Demands
b.
High Interest Rates
d.
Strict Price Controls
 

 22. 

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This event was the result of the passage of the -
a.
Interstate Commerce Act
c.
Sherman Antitrust Act
b.
17th Amendment
d.
19th Amendment
 

 23. 

During the Industrial Revolution, new technology affected the economy of the United States by -
a.
increasing worker productivity
c.
decreasing urban population
b.
limiting profits
d.
generating tax revenues
 

 24. 

mc024-1.jpg
a.
Japanese civilians welcoming Allied troops
c.
Japanese emperor accepting the terms of unconditional surrender
b.
Japanese captors treating American POWs humanely
d.
Japanese troops committing suicide rather than surrendering
 

 25. 

The members of the World War II Nisei regiment were primarily -
a.
Mexican Americans
c.
German Americans
b.
Japanese Americans
d.
Italian Americans
 

 26. 

The Lend-Lease Act was passed by the United States Congress in response to increased -
a.
concern about German aggression in Europe
c.
concern about Italian demands in North Africa
b.
anger over the Japanese invasion of China
d.
fear over the German pact with the Soviet Union
 

 27. 

During World War II, the role of the Selective Service System in the United States was to -
a.
draft military personnel
c.
increase industrial productivity
b.
ration manufactured goods
d.
replace factory workers
 

 28. 

Which effect did United States participation in World War II have on the home front?
a.
An increase in volunteers for the war effort
c.
A decline in farm income due to war rationing
b.
The end of racial segregation in the South
d.
The growth of isolationism in the Midwest
 

 29. 

The United States interned many Japanese Americans during World War II because of -
a.
their refusal to be deported
c.
a concern over violent protest from them
b.
a fear they would aid the enemy
d.
their refusal to be drafted into the military
 

 30. 

The United States failed to join the League of Nations because of -
a.
the President vetoed the treaty
c.
the Senate rejected the treaty
b.
membership was restricted to European countries
d.
membership was limited by European leaders
 

 31. 

mc031-1.jpg

a.
Cold War tension in Europe
c.
creation of the state of Israel
b.
Japanese invasion of China
d.
creation of the Manhattan Project
 

 32. 

Which president is most closely associated with the policy of
massive retaliation?
a.
Dwight D. Eisenhower
c.
Lyndon Johnson
b.
John F. Kennedy
d.
Richard Nixon
 

 33. 

mc033-1.jpg

a.
communist infiltration
c.
organized crime
b.
political corruption
d.
nuclear energy
 

 34. 

mc034-1.jpg
a.
15th Amendment
c.
19th Amendment
b.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
d.
Voting Rights Act of 1965
 

 35. 

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization was created primarily to -
a.
protect Western Europe from communism
c.
install democratic governments in Africa
b.
encourage communist factions in China
d.
protect South America from invasion
 

 36. 

Veterans of which war often faced public hostility when they returned
from duty?
a.
World War I
c.
Korean War
b.
World War II
d.
Vietnam War
 

 37. 

Over the last three decades, the American work force has had to acquire and improve skills in -
a.
computer technology
c.
heavy machinery
b.
automobile repair
d.
medical equipment
 

 38. 

Modern American schools adapted to serve new immigrants in the United States by -
a.
limiting vocational programs
c.
offering extracurricular activities
b.
offering bilingual education
d.
requiring physical education
 

 39. 

Which President was in office during the Cold War?
a.
Woodrow Wilson
c.
John F. Kennedy
b.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
d.
William Clinton
 

 40. 

mc040-1.jpg
a.
Afghanistan border
c.
Former Yugoslavia
b.
Indochinese Peninsula
d.
Persian Gulf
 

 41. 

mc041-1.jpg
a.
Radio
c.
Satellite dish
b.
Newspaper
d.
Compact disc
 

 42. 

mc042-1.jpg
a.
Family income has little bearing on access to computers.
c.
Schools narrow the technological gap caused by income.
b.
Access to education improves with higher family income.
d.
There are more children born in higher-income families.
 

 43. 

mc043-1.jpg
a.
Independent investigations
c.
Economic sanctions
b.
Diplomatic relations
d.
Strategic attacks
 

 44. 

mc044-1.jpg
a.
land won through the French and Indian War
c.
land as a result of the Revolutionary War
b.
territories according to the Northwest Ordinance
d.
Florida through a treaty with Spain
 

 45. 

mc045-1.jpg
a.
Confederate attack on Fort Sumter
c.
Purchase of the Louisiana Territory
b.
Independence gained from Mexico
d.
Completion of the Transcontinental Railroad
 

 46. 

mc046-1.jpg
a.
find factory work in the Northeast
c.
work as indentured servants in Virginia
b.
claim a homestead in the West
d.
prospect for gold in California
 

 47. 

President William Howard Taft developed the Dollar Diplomacy Policy to support -
a.
United States citizens traveling to Europe
c.
United States businesses investing in Latin America
b.
equal trading rights in Japan
d.
trade with the Philippines
 

 48. 

By the late 1890’s, many American business leaders belived their best chance for future growth depended on  -
a.
tighter governmental regulation
c.
laws abolishing the use of child labor
b.
the increasing growth of labor unions
d.
the establishment of foreign markets
 

 49. 

mc049-1.jpg
a.
Japan
c.
France
b.
Poland
d.
China
 

 50. 

mc050-1.jpg
a.
Rise of Fascism
c.
Rapid Rearmament
b.
Communist Control
d.
Formation of Democracy
 

 51. 

mc051-1.jpg
The town meetings held by colonists in buildings such as this one were important because they demonstrated a form of -
a.
religious toleration
c.
multicultural integration
b.
direct democracy
d.
representative government
 

 52. 

The different types of economies in the original colonies were primarily a reflection of the -
a.
nationalities of the settlers
c.
provisions of the charters
b.
geography of the areas
d.
religion of the settlers
 

 53. 

John Locke’s ideas contributed to the Declaration of Independence because he influenced the belief in -
a.
capitalism and free enterprise
c.
a strong federal government and rule of law
b.
self-government and natural rights
d.
a monarchy and democracy
 

 54. 

mc054-1.jpg
What is the correct order for these events?
a.
1, 3, 4, 2
c.
3, 2, 1, 4
b.
2, 4, 3, 1
d.
4, 1, 2, 3
 

 55. 

Which part of the national government controls the supply of money in
the economy?
a.
Congress
c.
President
b.
Treasury Department
d.
Federal Reserve
 

 56. 

Which New Deal program attempted to protect Americans from the instability
of banks during the Great Depression?
a.
Works Progress Administration
c.
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
b.
Tennessee Valley Authority
d.
Agricultural Adjustment Administration
 

 57. 

What failed to carry out the ideals expressed in the Declaration
of Independence?
a.
Bill of Rights
c.
14th Amendment
b.
Dred Scott decision
d.
Voting Rights Act of 1965
 

 58. 

How did the Great Awakening most influence the American
Revolutionary movement?
a.
It supported the practice of slave labor.
c.
It challenged the established government order.
b.
It established official state religions.
d.
It discouraged trade with foreign countries.
 

 59. 

Which principle is shared by the Articles of Confederation and the
Constitution of the United States?
a.
Judicial review
c.
Separation of powers
b.
Limited government
d.
Checks and balances
 

 60. 

mc060-1.jpg
a.
Marbury v. Madison
c.
Gibbons v. Ogden
b.
Cohens v. Virginia
d.
McCulloch v. Maryland
 



 
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