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SOL 6-7 Practice Test

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Use the Information in the box and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.

-Travel time reduced
-Western migration encouraged.
-Open range closed
-Native Americans forced off their land
What technological advance from the nineteenth century resulted in all the effects listed above?
a.
Cotton Gin
c.
Railroad
b.
Canals
d.
Telephone
 

 2. 

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a.
utilized irrigation techniques
c.
developed new agricultural technology
b.
adapted to their environment
d.
maintained contact with their neighbors
 

 3. 

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a.
voting in elections
c.
becoming missionaries
b.
working in factories
d.
studying economics
 

 4. 

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a.
Aristocracy
c.
Oligarchy
b.
Democracy
d.
Anarchy
 

 5. 

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a.
Decreasing voter turnout
c.
The decline of American political parties
b.
The rise of the common man in American politics
d.
Political corruption in elections
 

 6. 

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a.
Robert E. Lee
c.
Ulysses S. Grant
b.
Andrew Johnson
d.
Abraham Lincoln
 

 7. 

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a.
Panic of 1837
c.
Compromise of 1850
b.
Annexation of Texas
d.
Election of Abraham Lincoln
 

 8. 

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a.
Civil War
c.
Nationalist Era
b.
Revolutionary War
d.
Reconstruction Era
 

 9. 

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a.
1
c.
3
b.
2
d.
4
 

 10. 

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a.
2,1,3,4
c.
3,4,2,1
b.
3,2,4,1
d.
4,2,3,1
 

 11. 

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a.
Impeachment of Andrew Johnson
c.
End of Jim Crow Era
b.
Emancipation Proclamation
d.
Conclusion of Reconstruction
 

 12. 

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a.
the right of Deposit at New Orlean
c.
the balance between slave and free states
b.
funding for internal improvements
d.
the relocation of American Indians (First Americans)
 

 13. 

Table: Federalists and Democratic Republicans.
Party LeadersAlexander Hamilton, John Adams, John Jay,
John Marshall, Thomas Pinckney
Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, James Monroe, Aaron Burr
Govt.  PowerStrong Federal GovernmentB
Foreign PolicyPro – BritishPro – French
Americas FutureAAgrarian Society, everyman owns a farm (American Dream)
Economic PolicyCLow tariffs, Anti US Bank
Interpreting the ConstitutionLoose Constructionist (liberal) D

The table above talks about the differences between the Federalist Party and the Democratic Republicans.
A
The Democratic Republicans under Thomas Jefferson had an agrarian vision for America while the Federalist party thought America should:
a.
be both agricultural and industrialized.
c.
be agricultural also.
b.
be  a big industrialized nation, have big cities, and transportation networks
d.
be industrial in the north and agricultural in the south.
 

 14. 

Table: Federalists and Democratic Republicans.

Party LeadersAlexander Hamilton, John Adams, John Jay,
John Marshall, Thomas Pinckney
Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, James Monroe, Aaron Burr
Govt.  PowerStrong Federal GovernmentB
Foreign PolicyPro – BritishPro – French
Americas FutureAAgrarian Society, everyman owns a farm (American Dream)
Economic PolicyCLow tariffs, Anti US Bank
Interpreting the ConstitutionLoose Constructionist (liberal) D


The table above mentions how the Federalists believed in a strong Federal government. The Democratic republicans believed in:

B
a.
a strong federal government.
c.
none of these choices.
b.
a government that is commited equally to the federal government and the states.
d.
states rights over
federal government.
 

 15. 

Table: Federalists and Democratic Republicans.

Party LeadersAlexander Hamilton, John Adams, John Jay,
John Marshall, Thomas Pinckney
Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, James Monroe, Aaron Burr
Govt.  PowerStrong Federal GovernmentB
Foreign PolicyPro – BritishPro – French
Americas FutureAAgrarian Society, everyman owns a farm (American Dream)
Economic PolicyCLow tariffs, Anti US Bank
Interpreting the ConstitutionLoose Constructionist (liberal) D

The table above considers the Democratic Republican position on the economy as being low tarrif and against the US bank. The federalist party position
C
a.
was for no tariffs and state banks.
c.
was for high tarrifs and state banks.
b.
was for high tariffs, pro US bank.
d.
was also for low tarrifs and against the US bank.
 

 16. 

Table: Federalists and Democratic Republicans.

Party LeadersAlexander Hamilton, John Adams, John Jay,
John Marshall, Thomas Pinckney
Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, James Monroe, Aaron Burr
Govt.  PowerStrong Federal GovernmentB
Foreign PolicyPro – BritishPro – French
Americas FutureAAgrarian Society, everyman owns a farm (American Dream)
Economic PolicyCLow tariffs, Anti US Bank
Interpreting the ConstitutionLoose Constructionist (liberal) D

The table above considers the federalist party position on interpretting the Constitution as being loose constructionist. The Democratic Republican position was to interpret the Constitution:
D
a.
as being loose constructionist as well.
c.
as being strict constructionist.
b.
as being against the Constitution.
d.
as being pro Constitution.
 

 17. 

The War of 1812 concluded America’s second war with Great Britain. All of the following were causes of the war except:
a.
Britain captured American ships  at sea.
c.
The King of England insulted President Madison.
b.
Britain gave guns to the American Indians.
d.
Britain would force American sailors to join the British Navy.
 

 18. 

Thomas Jeffersons election as President in 1800 was viewed as a Revolution because:
a.
France just had a revolution and taught Jefferson how to take power.
c.
Jeffersons Democratic Republican party overthrew John Adam’s government using violence.
b.
it was the first time the office of President had changed peacefully from one political party to another.
d.
Britain came out as a strong supporter for Thomas Jefferson.
 

 19. 

President Andrew Jackson had a long history of being involved with the American Indians. Which of the following was he not a part of?
a.
defied the Supreme courts ruling in favor the Cherokee Indians of Georgia.
c.
Jackson invaded Florida shortly after the war of 1812 to protect the people of southern Georgia from Indian raids from Florida.
b.
He encouraged Congress passage of the Indian Removal Act of 1830.
d.
he was present at a famous battle against the indians at Wounded Knee
 

 20. 

The Missouri Compromise of 1820 included all of the following provisions but:
a.
Missouri would be admitted as a slave state.
c.
Maine was admitted as a free state.
b.
The 36°30° line was established, where all states north of the line would be free, and all states below the line would be slave states.
d.
New Hampshire was admitted as a a free state.
 

 21. 

Use the Diagram and your knowledge of Social Studies to answer the following question.
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Put the above events in order (oldest to newest).
a.
A,D,C,B
c.
C,A,B,D
b.
D,C,A,B
d.
B,D,C,A
 

 22. 

This opponent of Lincoln’s during the 1858 Illinois Senate race was responsible for introducing the Kansas Nebraska act.
a.
Frederick Douglas
c.
Stephen Douglas
b.
Henry Clay
d.
Martin Van Buren
 

 23. 

The spoils system was first used by this president to aid people who helped him get elected in getting jobs.
a.
Thomas Jefferson
c.
Andrew Jackson
b.
James Monroe
d.
Abraham Lincoln
 

 24. 

Which war was responsible for adding Texas, New Mexico, and California to the United States and would later bring about Compromise of 1850 to help America decide what to do with the new territory.
a.
War of 1812
c.
Civil War
b.
War with Mexico
d.
The Revolutionary War
 

 25. 

The Kansas Nebraska Act brought about the possibility that these two territories could choose whether or not they would be free or slave states. This “choosing” is called:
a.
picking
c.
suffrage
b.
popular soveriegnity
d.
electing
 

 26. 

When George Washington made his farewell address he warned his fellow americans about:
a.
Political Parties and foriegn entanglements.
c.
Mexicans.
b.
Native Americans
d.
Pirates
 

 27. 

The XYZ affair was a reaction on the part of France to:
a.
John Adams attacking french shipping.
c.
Thomas Jeffersons embargo on all foreign trade.
b.
George Washington’s Jay treaty with Great Britain.
d.
Pirates attacking French shipping.
 

 28. 

The Alien and Sedition acts were introduced during the Adams administration in response to America’s undeclared war with France. These acts infuriated Thomas Jefferson and James Madison so much that they introduced The Virginia and Kentucky resolutions. They meant that:
a.
they opposed America’s undeclared war with France.
c.
they intended to secede from the United States.
b.
they wanted to impeach John Adams
d.
if a state decided a law was unconstitutional and they could nullify a federal law..
 

 29. 

The Dredd Scott decision stated that African American’s were not citizens and could not sue in court. Which of the following items does not agree with the Supreme court’s decision upholding slavery or the aftermath caused by the decision.
a.
living in a free territory for a time had not made Scott free.
c.
the courts decision against Scott, which had made slavery legal everywhere invalidated all of the slavery compromises.
b.
the court ruled Congress had no power to ban slavery anywhere because slaves were private property.
d.
pro-slavery forces celebrated their victory and thought that slavery would continue on for a long time.
 

 30. 

It is  important for us to remember that slave revolts were planned and attempted by Gabriel Prosser, and Nat Turner. Which of the following were not among the ways in which the people of the south reacted to slave revolts.

a.
there was panic among southerners who feared that their own slaves would revolt.
c.
Southern abolitionists were forced underground and into silence.
b.
tighter slave codes were made to restrict the movement of slaves.
d.
southerners were willing to go to war to keep slavery.
 

 31. 

Which of the following did not help encourage America to meet its Manifest Destiny?
a.
Canals
c.
Cotton Gin
b.
Railroads
d.
Steam Engine
 

 32. 

Which of the following is not true about the Monroe Doctrine:
a.
American Continents should not be considered for future colonization by any European Powers.
c.
an attack on any of the Americas is an attack on the United States.
b.
Europe has Kings and Queens the Americas are for Republics
d.
America is an exception in the world and can not be restricted.
 

 33. 

Which of the following is not true about Jackson and his feeling about renewing the charter for the National Bank:
a.
Congress passed a law rechartering the national bank and Jackson vetoed it.
c.
state banks would mismanage the money causing the economy to slow down.
b.
Jackson would put all the federal money from the national bank into State Banks.
d.
Jackson would negotiate and renew the charter after America endured the Panic of 1837.
 

 34. 

Which issue led to the development of the first political parties in the
United States?
a.
Abolition of slavery
c.
Expansion of western territories
b.
Women’s suffrage
d.
National government’s powers
 

 35. 


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a.
ignoring the contributions of political supporters
c.
using the presidential veto to overrule Congress
b.
using the military against the Cherokee Nation
d.
opposing federal funding of internal improvements
 

 36. 

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a.
Industrial pollution
c.
Political corruption
b.
Economic devastation
d.
Agricultural destruction
 

 37. 

Uprisings led by Nat Turner and Gabriel Prosser contributed to the Southern states’ decisions to -

a.
pass harsh fugitive slave laws
c.
enact Jim Crow legislation
b.
accept the Missouri Compromise
d.
support the passing of higher tariffs
 

 38. 

In the Gettysburg Address, President Abraham Lincoln rejected the idea that the country was -

a.
a federation of sovereign states
c.
committed to unity at any cost
b.
a society based on equality
d.
founded on democratic ideals
 

 39. 

The Battle of Gettysburg was a significant event of the Civil War because it -
a.
caused states to secede from the Union
c.
forced the surrender of the South
b.
was the opening conflict of the war
d.
was the turning point of the war
 

 40. 

Which group helped Andrew Jackson become President of the United States the first time they could participate in an election?
a.
People allowed to vote without paying a poll tax
c.
People allowed to vote without owning property
b.
Newly freed slaves from West Africa
d.
Naturalized immigrants from Eastern Europe
 

 41. 

Which man was a United States Senator who became the leader of
the Confederacy?

a.
Robert E. Lee
c.
Nat Turner
b.
Jefferson Davis
d.
Stonewall Jackson
 

 42. 


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a.
creating a strategy for a Union victory
c.
convincing Congress to abolish slavery
b.
eliminating Jim Crow laws
d.
readmitting the Confederate states
 

 43. 


One major economic impact of the Civil War was the -

a.
emergence of the South as a manufacturing center
c.
strengthening of the North and Midwest industrial regions
b.
increase in the number of laborers relocating to the South
d.
increase in tariffs imposed on French and British goods
 

 44. 

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a.
land won through the French and Indian War
c.
land as a result of the Revolutionary War
b.
territories according to the Northwest Ordinance
d.
Florida through a treaty with Spain
 

 45. 

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a.
Confederate attack on Fort Sumter
c.
Purchase of the Louisiana Territory
b.
Independence gained from Mexico
d.
Completion of the Transcontinental Railroad
 

 46. 

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a.
find factory work in the Northeast
c.
work as indentured servants in Virginia
b.
claim a homestead in the West
d.
prospect for gold in California
 



 
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