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SOL 8-10 Practice Test

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Which of the following was a cause of the great depression?
a.
Consumers were buying food grown in other countries.
c.
Natural Resources were becoming less available.
b.
The industrial sector was not producing enough goods.
d.
The stock market was not sufficiently regulated.
 

 2. 

Which New Deal agency established a pension program that contributes to the income of retired workers.
a.
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
c.
Securitties and Exchange Comission
b.
Social Security Administration
d.
Agricultural Adjustment Administration
 

 3. 

After the Civil War, many states passed Jim Crow Laws intended to counteract constitutional amendments that granted former slaves-
a.
settlement rights on western lands
c.
jobs in factories and mills
b.
citizenship and voting rights
d.
employment in federal agencies
 

 4. 

Use the information in the box and your knowledge of social studies to answer the
following question.

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The box above lists some reasons for the twentieth-century Great Migration, which involved-
a.
Dust Bowl Farmers migrating from the Midwest to California
c.
Rust Belt workers migrating from the Northeast to Texas
b.
African Americans migrating from the South to the North
d.
Mexican Americans migrating from the border states to the Northeast
 

 5. 

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Which twentieth century U.S. leader is decribed by the list above?
a.
Henry Cabot Lodge
c.
Theodore Roosevelt
b.
George Marshall
d.
Harry S Truman
 

 6. 

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Which title best completes the diagram above
a.
The Scopes Trial
c.
The Palmer raids
b.
The Espionage Act
d.
The Bonus Army
 

 7. 

mc007-1.jpg

What is the best title for this diagram?
a.
Events of the Cold War
c.
Events of the Roaring Twenties
b.
Events of the Great Depression
d.
Events of the Civil Rights Era
 

 8. 

mc008-1.jpg
a.
Whitney’s interchangeable parts
c.
Taylor’s scientific management
b.
Fulton’s steam engine
d.
Bessemer’s steel process
 

 9. 

mc009-1.jpg
mc009-2.jpg
a.
halt production at meatpacking plants
c.
fund research to find a cure for Tuberculosis
b.
pass a law calling for closer regulation of food quality
d.
pass a law to limit work hours in meatpacking plants.
 

 10. 

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a.
Statement 1
c.
Statement 3
b.
Statement 2
d.
Statement 4
 

 11. 

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The 1932 cartoon above suggests that when Franklin Roosevelt became President
a.
agriculture and mining were the main issues
c.
domestic and international issues needed to be resolved
b.
voter turnout in local elections increased
d.
the federal government had reduced powers
 

 12. 

mc012-1.jpg
a.
Congress did not have the authority to levy an income tax.
c.
Separate but equal facilities for African Americans were legal
b.
Labor strikes which caused hardships for Americans were unconstitutional
d.
American Indians (First Americans) must reside on reservations
 

 13. 

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a.
progressives
c.
reformers
b.
muckrakers
d.
exploiters
 

 14. 

mc014-1.jpg
Which of the following best completes the chart?
a.
Frederick Douglas
c.
Henry Bessemer
b.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
d.
Eugene Debs
 

 15. 

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a.
They believed that these regions would benefit from democratic government.
c.
Antitrust laws did not apply to American territories overseas.
b.
These aeas would provide new sources of materials and customers.
d.
American colonies would increase tarriff\revenues
 

 16. 

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a.
increasing industrialization
c.
discontent with working conditions
b.
poor worker-management relations
d.
a decline in the population
 

 17. 

Which of the following Civil Rights Leaders grew up in the south and made the important “Atlanta Compromise” speech in Atlanta, Georgia 1895.
a.
W.E.B. Dubois
c.
Frederick Douglas
b.
Booker T. Washington
d.
Abraham Lincoln
 

 18. 



… No race can prosper till it learns there is as much dignity in tilling a field as in writing a poem. It is at the bottom of life that we must begin, and not at the top. Nor should we permit our grievances to overshadow our opportunities.  …
Which of the following is  not true of the person who spoke the above words around 1900.

a.
helped found the NAACP.
c.
founded the Tuskeegee Institute.
b.
grew up in “Jim Crow” south.
d.
believed blacks should embrace their vocational and economic success.
 

 19. 


“Men of America, the problem is plain before you. Here is a race transplanted through the criminal foolishness of your fathers. Whether you like it or not there are millions here and here they will remain. If you do not lift them up, they will pull you down. Education and work are the levers to uplift a people.”
Which Harvard graduate and Civil Rights leader wrote the above words.
a.
Frederick Douglas
c.
W.E.B. Dubois
b.
Booker T Washington
d.
Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth
 

 20. 



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We study immigration in terms of a first and second wave. One occurs up to the 1870’s and the other after the 1870’s. Which country best completes the above table?
a.
Russia
c.
Great Britain
b.
France
d.
Spain
 

 21. 

Immigrants in late 1800’s and early 1900’s came through certain main ports in America. Which of the following answers is best?
a.
Miami and New Orleans
c.
Baltimore and Philadelphia
b.
Ellis and Angel Island
d.
New York and Los Angeles
 

 22. 



mc022-1.jpg
Which of the above was the least true about immigrants and the problems they experienced upon coming to America?
a.
A
c.
C
b.
B
d.
D
 

 23. 

Government should not interefere with Gilded Age American businesses. Businesses got away with abuses of the immigrant population. Businesses were willing to do anything to turn a profit. The above illustrates best the concept of :
a.
Mercantilism
c.
Full employment immigration.
b.
laissez -Faire capitalism
d.
Socialism.
 

 24. 

Robber Baron or Captains of Industry

Which of the following people does not belong with the following table.

mc024-1.jpg
a.
Carnegie
c.
Rockefeller
b.
Vanderbilt
d.
Wright Brothers
 

 25. 



During the progressive movement our government attempted to deal with problems posed by the growth of cities. All but one of the following reasons applies to this situation.
a.
more people than jobs
c.
lack of public services.
b.
lack of housing
d.
people had long hours at work
 

 26. 


During the progressive era urbanization also caused problems for city government. Sometimes they found there were too many problems for city mayors and government to handle alone.
Which of the following was the main way this problem could be dealt with.
a.
city councils and managers were created
c.
city law offices were formed.
b.
citizens council was created
d.
business councils were formed.
 

 27. 


All of the following were goals of the progressive movement but:
a.
elimination of social injustices
c.
increasing the size of the military
b.
guaranteed economic opportunities through government regulation (making laws).
d.
government controlled by the people
 

 28. 


During the progressive movment sometimes laws were made that didn’t serve the people. Recalls, referendums, and initiatives were created to help with the problems. Initiatives were  created to help people:
a.
start a process to recall a law
c.
put a proposed law onto an election ballot.
b.
start a process to impeach a council
d.
start a process to impeach a mayor.
 

 29. 

All of the following were progressive solutions to industrial problems but:
a.
muckraking literature
c.
child labor laws
b.
labor unions
d.
laissez-faire capitalism
 

 30. 

American Secretary of State John Hay established which policy to encourage trade with this large country in asia.


mc030-1.jpg

a.
Monroe Doctrine
c.
Roosevelt Corallary
b.
Dollar Diplomacy
d.
Open Door Policy
 

 31. 



mc031-1.jpg

The Spanish American war resulted in the United States making all of the following territorial gains except:
a.
Puerto Rico
c.
Phillipines
b.
Jamaica
d.
Guam
 

 32. 


mc032-1.jpg

The above president created, “Dollar Diplomacy” where American Dollars would be used to influence what region/area of the world.
a.
South Pacific
c.
Africa
b.
Latin America
d.
Asia
 

 33. 



mc033-1.jpg

The above state was purchased in 1867 from Russia for 7.2 million dollars. This purchase was also known as

a.
Sewards Folly
c.
Roosevelt’s New Deal
b.
a bargain
d.
Johnson’s Bargain
 

 34. 

Causes of World War 1
Imperialism?
NationalismSecret Alliances

Which of the following finish the above table best

a.
Cubism
c.
Religion
b.
Militarism
d.
Zionism
 

 35. 

Reasons why __?___
The Sinking of the LusitaniaUnrestricted submarine warfareThe Zimmerman note

Use your knowledge of Social Studies to complete the title of the above table.
a.
Great Britian entered the war.
c.
America helped the Allies at the start of the war.
b.
America entered the war.
d.
Germany started the war.
 

 36. 

The Great Migration of the early 20th century refers to the movement of
a.
European immigrants to western cities
c.
African Americans from the South to northern cities
b.
European immigrants to northeastern cities
d.
African Americans from the Midwest to eastern cities
 

 37. 

Which individual helped found the National Association for the Advancement
of Colored People (NAACP)?
a.
James Meredith
c.
Thurgood Marshall
b.
W.E.B. DuBois
d.
Booker T. Washington
 

 38. 

mc038-1.jpg

Which economic factor completes this diagram?
a.
Laissez-faire Policies
c.
Low Consumer Demands
b.
High Interest Rates
d.
Strict Price Controls
 

 39. 

mc039-1.jpg
This event was the result of the passage of the -
a.
Interstate Commerce Act
c.
Sherman Antitrust Act
b.
17th Amendment
d.
19th Amendment
 

 40. 

The United States failed to join the League of Nations because of -
a.
the President vetoed the treaty
c.
the Senate rejected the treaty
b.
membership was restricted to European countries
d.
membership was limited by European leaders
 

 41. 

President William Howard Taft developed the Dollar Diplomacy Policy to support -
a.
United States citizens traveling to Europe
c.
United States businesses investing in Latin America
b.
equal trading rights in Japan
d.
trade with the Philippines
 

 42. 

By the late 1890’s, many American business leaders belived their best chance for future growth depended on  -
a.
tighter governmental regulation
c.
laws abolishing the use of child labor
b.
the increasing growth of labor unions
d.
the establishment of foreign markets
 

 43. 

mc043-1.jpg
What is the correct order for these events?
a.
1, 3, 4, 2
c.
3, 2, 1, 4
b.
2, 4, 3, 1
d.
4, 1, 2, 3
 

 44. 

Which New Deal program attempted to protect Americans from the instability
of banks during the Great Depression?
a.
Works Progress Administration
c.
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
b.
Tennessee Valley Authority
d.
Agricultural Adjustment Administration
 



 
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