Name:     ID: 
 
Email: 

U.S. History Final Exam I

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

mc001-1.jpg
The 1932 cartoon above suggests that when Franklin Roosevelt became President
a.
domestic and international issues needed to be resolved
c.
voter turnout in local elections increased
b.
agriculture and mining were the main issues
d.
the federal government had reduced powers
 

 2. 


All of the following were goals of the progressive movement but:
a.
elimination of social injustices
c.
increasing the size of the military
b.
guaranteed economic opportunities through government regulation (making laws).
d.
government controlled by the people
 

 3. 

mc003-1.jpg
a.
the right of Deposit at New Orlean
c.
the balance between slave and free states
b.
the relocation of American Indians (First Americans)
d.
funding for internal improvements
 

 4. 

mc004-1.jpg

The Supreme Court Decision was used to -
a.
end immigration from Germany
c.
justify Japanese-American Internment
b.
limit trade with communist China
d.
uphold African -American segregation
 

 5. 


mc005-1.jpg

Adolf Hitler invaded this European country in 1939:


a.
Poland
c.
Romania
b.
Soviet Union
d.
Latvia
 

 6. 

mc006-1.jpg
mc006-2.jpg
a.
4,2,3,1
c.
3,4,2,1
b.
2,1,3,4
d.
3,2,4,1
 

 7. 


mc007-1.jpg

The above president created, “Dollar Diplomacy” where American Dollars would be used to influence what region/area of the world.
a.
South Pacific
c.
Asia
b.
Africa
d.
Latin America
 

 8. 

mc008-1.jpg
a.
Bessemer’s steel process
c.
Whitney’s interchangeable parts
b.
Taylor’s scientific management
d.
Fulton’s steam engine
 

 9. 

mc009-1.jpg
This poster was intended to persuade African Americans to -
a.
protest the low wages paid in the war industry
c.
encourage integration of industrial hiring practices
b.
contribute labor to support the war effort
d.
protest the segregation of military units
 

 10. 

mc010-1.jpg
mc010-2.jpg
a.
4,2,1,3
c.
1,4,3,2
b.
1,3,2,4
d.
4,1,3,2
 

 11. 

Which of the following was a cause of the great depression?
a.
The stock market was not sufficiently regulated.
c.
Natural Resources were becoming less available.
b.
Consumers were buying food grown in other countries.
d.
The industrial sector was not producing enough goods.
 

 12. 

mc012-1.jpg
a.
American Indians (First Americans) must reside on reservations
c.
Labor strikes which caused hardships for Americans were unconstitutional
b.
Separate but equal facilities for African Americans were legal
d.
Congress did not have the authority to levy an income tax.
 

 13. 

mc013-1.jpgThe Diagram above best describes the constitutional priciple of -
a.
checks and balances
c.
republicanism
b.
popular sovereignity
d.
federalism
 

 14. 

During the Industrial Revolution, new technology affected the economy of the United States by -
a.
limiting profits
c.
increasing worker productivity
b.
decreasing urban population
d.
generating tax revenues
 

 15. 

mc015-1.jpg
Which title best completes the diagram above
a.
The Palmer raids
c.
The Bonus Army
b.
The Scopes Trial
d.
The Espionage Act
 

 16. 

Use the information in the box and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question
mc016-1.jpg
Which of the following is described by the list above?
a.
Regents of the University of California v. Bakke
c.
The Voting Rights Act of 1965
b.
Brown v, Board of Education
d.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964
 

 17. 

Modern American schools adapted to serve new immigrants in the United States by -
a.
offering extracurricular activities
c.
offering bilingual education
b.
requiring physical education
d.
limiting vocational programs
 

 18. 

The members of the World War II Nisei regiment were primarily -
a.
Japanese Americans
c.
Mexican Americans
b.
German Americans
d.
Italian Americans
 

 19. 

mc019-1.jpg
a.
Civil War
c.
Reconstruction Era
b.
Nationalist Era
d.
Revolutionary War
 

 20. 

mc020-1.jpg
a.
19th Amendment
c.
15th Amendment
b.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
d.
Voting Rights Act of 1965
 

 21. 

mc021-1.jpg
mc021-2.jpg
a.
School Segregation Banned
c.
Community Colleges Created
b.
Universities raise Tuition
d.
State Schools receive new funding
 

 22. 

Use the table and your knowledge of social studiesto answer the following question
mc022-1.jpg
The table above lists exchanges between which areas?
a.
Africa, Australia, and the Americas
c.
Europe, Asia, and Africa
b.
Australia, Antarctica, and Africa
d.
Europe, Africa, and the Americas
 

 23. 

John Locke’s ideas contributed to the Declaration of Independence because he influenced the belief in -
a.
a monarchy and democracy
c.
capitalism and free enterprise
b.
self-government and natural rights
d.
a strong federal government and rule of law
 

 24. 

mc024-1.jpg
a.
They believed that these regions would benefit from democratic government.
c.
These aeas would provide new sources of materials and customers.
b.
American colonies would increase tarriff\revenues
d.
Antitrust laws did not apply to American territories overseas.
 

 25. 

mc025-1.jpg
mc025-2.jpg
a.
The payment of housing allowances to British officers
c.
The fear of foreign invasion after the Revolutionary war
b.
The forced provision of shelter for British Troops
d.
The military draft enacted during the Revolutionary war
 

 26. 

The Lend-Lease Act was passed by the United States Congress in response to increased -
a.
anger over the Japanese invasion of China
c.
concern about Italian demands in North Africa
b.
concern about German aggression in Europe
d.
fear over the German pact with the Soviet Union
 

 27. 

mc027-1.jpg
a.
North Korea wanted to unify the peninsula under a communist regime
c.
The United States would not grant foreign aid to North Korea
b.
South Korea would not trade with other Asian countries
d.
Taiwan attempted to seize control of South Korea
 

 28. 

mc028-1.jpg
a.
progressives
c.
reformers
b.
muckrakers
d.
exploiters
 

 29. 

mc029-1.jpg
a.
More safety hazards for factory workers
c.
Fewer people living in the suburbs
b.
Fewer Assembly-line Jobs for workers
d.
More people working in agriculture
 

 30. 


mc030-1.jpg

Before World War II in the 1930’s Japan invaded which of the following countries:
a.
Cambodia
c.
Viet Nam
b.
Australia
d.
China
 

 31. 

Why did Europeans settle in the English colonies?
a.
wanted to conquer the Indians
c.
Economic freedom
b.
Freedom of religion and economic opportunity.
d.
Freedom from religious  persecution
 

 32. 

Government should not interefere with Gilded Age American businesses. Businesses got away with abuses of the immigrant population. Businesses were willing to do anything to turn a profit. The above illustrates best the concept of :
a.
Socialism.
c.
Full employment immigration.
b.
Mercantilism
d.
laissez -Faire capitalism
 

 33. 

mc033-1.jpg

Which event most contributed to the large number of trucks coming into the United States, as shown in the map above?
a.
The implementation of the Kyoto Protocol
c.
The establishment of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
b.
The implementation of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
d.
The signing of the World Trade Agreement
 

 34. 

Which of the following answers is not a way in which the Unitesd States Government promotes a healthy economy?
a.
the president and Congress make fiscal policy decisions to determine levels of government taxation and spending
c.
bases its decisions on
economic indicators such as
(GDP), exchange rates, rate
of inflation, and unemployment rate.
b.
has the Federal Reserve control the supply of money and credit to expand or contract economic growth.
d.
has big business loan the government money
 

 35. 

mc035-1.jpg
What is the correct order for these events?
a.
4, 1, 2, 3
c.
3, 2, 1, 4
b.
1, 3, 4, 2
d.
2, 4, 3, 1
 

 36. 

mc036-1.jpg

mc036-2.jpg
a.
4
c.
2
b.
1
d.
3
 

 37. 

Thomas Jeffersons election as President in 1800 was viewed as a Revolution because:
a.
it was the first time the office of President had changed peacefully from one political party to another.
c.
France just had a revolution and taught Jefferson how to take power.
b.
Jeffersons Democratic Republican party overthrew John Adam’s government using violence.
d.
Britain came out as a strong supporter for Thomas Jefferson.
 

 38. 



mc038-1.jpg

a.
1620
c.
1607
b.
1587
d.
1565
 

 39. 

The Battle of Gettysburg was a significant event of the Civil War because it -
a.
caused states to secede from the Union
c.
was the opening conflict of the war
b.
forced the surrender of the South
d.
was the turning point of the war
 

 40. 

mc040-1.jpg
mc040-2.jpg
a.
The presence of missiles in Cuba would result in an arms race among Carribean countries
c.
The presence of missles in Cuba would make a U.S. invasion of the island impossible
b.
The physical location of the United States obligated it to protect Canada from attack
d.
The physical location of Cuba made large areas of the United States vulnerable ot attack
 

 41. 

The United States interned many Japanese Americans during World War II because of -
a.
their refusal to be drafted into the military
c.
their refusal to be deported
b.
a concern over violent protest from them
d.
a fear they would aid the enemy
 

 42. 

The United States failed to join the League of Nations because of -
a.
membership was limited by European leaders
c.
the Senate rejected the treaty
b.
the President vetoed the treaty
d.
membership was restricted to European countries
 

 43. 

Which part of the national government controls the supply of money in
the economy?
a.
Treasury Department
c.
Federal Reserve
b.
Congress
d.
President
 

 44. 

Japanese Americans were held in internment camps during World War II because they
a.
Disagreed with president Roosevelts war strategy
c.
disobeyed the state laws of California
b.
Were labled a threat to U.S. security
d.
were unwilling to serve in the U.S. military
 

 45. 

mc045-1.jpg
mc045-2.jpg
a.
Impeachment of Andrew Johnson
c.
End of Jim Crow Era
b.
Conclusion of Reconstruction
d.
Emancipation Proclamation
 

 46. 

What branch or branches of government did the Articles of Confederation create?
a.
Both A & C
c.
Judicial (Supreme Court)
b.
The Executive (President)
d.
Legislative (Congress)
 

 47. 

Which New Deal agency established a pension program that contributes to the income of retired workers.
a.
Social Security Administration
c.
Agricultural Adjustment Administration
b.
Securitties and Exchange Comission
d.
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
 

 48. 

mc048-1.jpg
Which of the following best completes the chart?
a.
Frederick Douglas
c.
Henry Bessemer
b.
Eugene Debs
d.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
 

 49. 

mc049-1.jpg
mc049-2.jpg
a.
Anarchy
c.
Aristocracy
b.
Democracy
d.
Oligarchy
 

 50. 

mc050-1.jpg
What type of economy is decribed by the information above?
a.
Commercial Agriculture
c.
Cottage Industry
b.
Subsistence Agriculture
d.
Command Economy
 

 51. 

Marbury v Madison has importance as the most important court case in American history because:
a.
it introduced the importance of the supremacy clause.
c.
it introduced the power of judicial review which locked in the supreme courts position as a coequal branch of government.
b.
it was John Marshall’s first decision as Chief Justice.
d.
the necessary and proper clause was used to get rid of the group of Supreme court justices that President Adam’s had nominated.
 

 52. 

The War of 1812 concluded America’s second war with Great Britain. All of the following were causes of the war except:
a.
The King of England insulted President Madison.
c.
Britain would force American sailors to join the British Navy.
b.
Britain gave guns to the American Indians.
d.
Britain captured American ships  at sea.
 

 53. 

Which of the following was not a result of the Reagan Revolution
a.
the election of a centrist Democrat, William J. Clinton 1993
c.
the expansion and broadening of the role of United States Government
b.
the election of George W. Bush as president. 2001
d.
      the Republican sweep of congressional elections and statehouses in the 1990s
 

 54. 

Which New Deal program attempted to protect Americans from the instability
of banks during the Great Depression?
a.
Tennessee Valley Authority
c.
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
b.
Works Progress Administration
d.
Agricultural Adjustment Administration
 

 55. 

mc055-1.jpg
a.
Indochinese Peninsula
c.
Former Yugoslavia
b.
Afghanistan border
d.
Persian Gulf
 

 56. 


mc056-1.jpg

The above picture references a British policy put into effect by King George III. Which of the following choices goes best with the above picture.
a.
the Coercive Acts..
c.
the proclamation of rebellion.
b.
the Intolerable Acts
d.
the proclamation of 1763
 

 57. 


The Civil Rights movement’s strategy of nonviolent resistance was most widely advocated throughout the 1960s by
a.
Huey P. Newton’s Black Panther Party
c.
Martin Luther King, Jr.’s Southern Christian Leadership Conference
b.
Stokely Carmichael’s Black Power movement
d.
Malcolm X’s organization of Afro-American Unity
 

 58. 


During the progressive movment sometimes laws were made that didn’t serve the people. Recalls, referendums, and initiatives were created to help with the problems. Initiatives were  created to help people:
a.
start a process to impeach a mayor.
c.
start a process to recall a law
b.
start a process to impeach a council
d.
put a proposed law onto an election ballot.
 

 59. 


mc059-1.jpg
a.
creating a strategy for a Union victory
c.
readmitting the Confederate states
b.
convincing Congress to abolish slavery
d.
eliminating Jim Crow laws
 

 60. 

mc060-1.jpg

What is the best title for this diagram?
a.
Events of the Civil Rights Era
c.
Events of the Great Depression
b.
Events of the Roaring Twenties
d.
Events of the Cold War
 

 61. 

Reasons why __?___
The Sinking of the LusitaniaUnrestricted submarine warfareThe Zimmerman note

Use your knowledge of Social Studies to complete the title of the above table.
a.
America helped the Allies at the start of the war.
c.
Great Britian entered the war.
b.
Germany started the war.
d.
America entered the war.
 

 62. 

mc062-1.jpg
Which twentieth century U.S. leader is decribed by the list above?
a.
Harry S Truman
c.
Henry Cabot Lodge
b.
George Marshall
d.
Theodore Roosevelt
 

 63. 

After the Civil War, many states passed Jim Crow Laws intended to counteract constitutional amendments that granted former slaves-
a.
jobs in factories and mills
c.
employment in federal agencies
b.
settlement rights on western lands
d.
citizenship and voting rights
 

 64. 

mc064-1.jpg
mc064-2.jpg
a.
becoming missionaries
c.
studying economics
b.
working in factories
d.
voting in elections
 

 65. 

The British trade policy of requiring the colonists to sell all of their raw goods to Britain and requiring the colonists to buy all their finished products from Britain was called
a.
Free - Trade
c.
Mercantilism
b.
Salutary Neglect
d.
Piracy
 

 66. 

The spoils system was first used by this president to aid people who helped him get elected in getting jobs.
a.
Abraham Lincoln
c.
Thomas Jefferson
b.
Andrew Jackson
d.
James Monroe
 

 67. 

Use the Diagram and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.

mc067-1.jpg
Which title best completes the diagram above?
a.
Freedom from unreasonable searches
c.
Freedom of speech
b.
Right to vote
d.
Right to bear arms
 

 68. 

mc068-1.jpg

During World War II, the purpose of posters sunch as this was to -
a.
motivate American women to enter the work force in defense factories
c.
show how Americans on the home front could contribute to the war effort
b.
pressure industries to dedicate their resources to war manufacturing
d.
encourage civilians to become members of the armed forces
 

 69. 



mc069-1.jpg

Before World War II Franklin Roosevelt used ___________________ to aid the British in fighting Hitler.
a.
War Bonds
c.
Embargo
b.
Rationing
d.
Lend Lease
 

 70. 

mc070-1.jpg

Which Title best completes the diagram above?
a.
Republicanism
c.
Unalienable Rights
b.
Federalism
d.
Voting Rights
 

 71. 

Which of the following answers does not demonstrate one of the actions our government takes to combat terrorism today.
a.
President George W. Bush signs the “Patriot Act” into law on October 26, 2001.
c.
The government engages in military interventions in Iraq & Afghanistan
b.
The government seizes assets and money belonging to known terrorist individuals and groups.
d.
The government has a policy of isolationism and defense only.
 

 72. 


“Men of America, the problem is plain before you. Here is a race transplanted through the criminal foolishness of your fathers. Whether you like it or not there are millions here and here they will remain. If you do not lift them up, they will pull you down. Education and work are the levers to uplift a people.”
Which Harvard graduate and Civil Rights leader wrote the above words.
a.
W.E.B. Dubois
c.
Frederick Douglas
b.
Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth
d.
Booker T Washington
 

 73. 

Which president is most closely associated with the policy of
massive retaliation?
a.
John F. Kennedy
c.
Richard Nixon
b.
Lyndon Johnson
d.
Dwight D. Eisenhower
 

 74. 


mc074-1.jpg

This U.S. Soldier was a member of the:


a.
Nisei Regiments
c.
Red Ball Express
b.
Buffalo Soldiers
d.
Tuskeegee Airmen
 

 75. 

mc075-1.jpg
mc075-2.jpg
a.
The decline of American political parties
c.
Decreasing voter turnout
b.
The rise of the common man in American politics
d.
Political corruption in elections
 

 76. 

mc076-1.jpg

a.
political corruption
c.
nuclear energy
b.
organized crime
d.
communist infiltration
 

 77. 

The Great Migration of the early 20th century refers to the movement of
a.
African Americans from the Midwest to eastern cities
c.
African Americans from the South to northern cities
b.
European immigrants to western cities
d.
European immigrants to northeastern cities
 

 78. 


mc078-1.jpg
Use your knowledge of the American Revolution to put the above events in the proper order (first to last).
a.
c,b,a,d
c.
a,b,c,d
b.
c,a,b,d
d.
d,c,a,b
 

 79. 



… No race can prosper till it learns there is as much dignity in tilling a field as in writing a poem. It is at the bottom of life that we must begin, and not at the top. Nor should we permit our grievances to overshadow our opportunities.  …
Which of the following is  not true of the person who spoke the above words around 1900.

a.
believed blacks should embrace their vocational and economic success.
c.
grew up in “Jim Crow” south.
b.
founded the Tuskeegee Institute.
d.
helped found the NAACP.
 

 80. 

mc080-1.jpg
The above famous print of the Boston Massacre is most significant because it is:
a.
one of America’s first best pieces of propaganda.
c.
one of the first violent attacks by the British on the colonists.
b.
made from a silver engraving by John Adams.
d.
made by Boston’s Sam Adams
 

 81. 

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization was created primarily to -
a.
install democratic governments in Africa
c.
protect South America from invasion
b.
protect Western Europe from communism
d.
encourage communist factions in China
 

 82. 

mc082-1.jpg

Which economic factor completes this diagram?
a.
Laissez-faire Policies
c.
Low Consumer Demands
b.
Strict Price Controls
d.
High Interest Rates
 

 83. 

Use the Information in the box and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.

-Travel time reduced
-Western migration encouraged.
-Open range closed
-Native Americans forced off their land
What technological advance from the nineteenth century resulted in all the effects listed above?
a.
Cotton Gin
c.
Railroad
b.
Canals
d.
Telephone
 

 84. 

The war strategy that the allies agreed upon was to:


mc084-1.jpg




a.
Defeat Hitler first
c.
Island Hopping
b.
Defeat Italy first
d.
Defeat Russia first
 

 85. 

mc085-1.jpg
a.
China’s development of an atomic bomb
c.
The Soviet Union’s placement of missiles in Cuba
b.
The Soviet Union’s launch of Sputnik 1
d.
North Korea’s invasion of South Korea
 

 86. 



mc086-1.jpg

The above state was purchased in 1867 from Russia for 7.2 million dollars. This purchase was also known as

a.
Johnson’s Bargain
c.
Roosevelt’s New Deal
b.
Sewards Folly
d.
a bargain
 

 87. 

Which document directly influenced the first ten amendments to the
Constitution of the United States?
a.
Mayflower Compact
c.
Emancipation Proclamation
b.
Articles of Confederation
d.
Virginia Declaration of Rights
 

 88. 

mc088-1.jpg
mc088-2.jpg
a.
German Equipment
c.
Nisei Regiments
b.
the Tuskegee Airmen
d.
the Navajo Language
 

 89. 

mc089-1.jpg
a.
Europe Before World War I
c.
Europe after the Cold War
b.
Europe During the Great Depression
d.
Europe After World War II
 

 90. 

mc090-1.jpg
a.
Independence gained from Mexico
c.
Completion of the Transcontinental Railroad
b.
Confederate attack on Fort Sumter
d.
Purchase of the Louisiana Territory
 

 91. 

Veterans of which war often faced public hostility when they returned
from duty?
a.
Vietnam War
c.
Korean War
b.
World War I
d.
World War II
 

 92. 

mc092-1.jpg
a.
Rapid Rearmament
c.
Rise of Fascism
b.
Formation of Democracy
d.
Communist Control
 

 93. 

mc093-1.jpg
mc093-2.jpg
a.
Abolition of slavery
c.
Freedom from poll taxes
b.
Right to petition
d.
Women’s suffrage
 

 94. 

The Geneva Conventions are a legal framework that protected the rights of
a.
Civilians
c.
Soldiers
b.
Prisoners of War
d.
Non Combatants
 

 95. 

Which individual helped found the National Association for the Advancement
of Colored People (NAACP)?
a.
James Meredith
c.
Booker T. Washington
b.
W.E.B. DuBois
d.
Thurgood Marshall
 

 96. 


mc096-1.jpg

This man commanded allied forces during:
a.
Bataan Death  march
c.
D-Day
b.
Battle of Midway
d.
Pearl Harbor
 

 97. 



mc097-1.jpg
We study immigration in terms of a first and second wave. One occurs up to the 1870’s and the other after the 1870’s. Which country best completes the above table?
a.
Spain
c.
Great Britain
b.
Russia
d.
France
 

 98. 

When George Washington made his farewell address he warned his fellow americans about:
a.
Pirates
c.
Mexicans.
b.
Native Americans
d.
Political Parties and foriegn entanglements.
 

 99. 

The colonists responded to the Stamp Act with the following words:
a.
Don’t tread on me!
c.
Go Home!
b.
No taxation without representation!
d.
Give me Liberty or Give me Death!
 

 100. 

War with Japan ended after Americans dropped the atomic bomb on:
a.
Hiroshima
c.
Iwo Jima
b.
Nagasaki
d.
Tokyo
 



 
         Start Over