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U.S. and VA. History Course Test

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Why did Europeans settle in the English colonies?
a.
Freedom from religious  persecution
c.
wanted to conquer the Indians
b.
Economic freedom
d.
Freedom of religion and economic opportunity.
 

 2. 

Use the Information in the box and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.

-Travel time reduced
-Western migration encouraged.
-Open range closed
-Native Americans forced off their land
What technological advance from the nineteenth century resulted in all the effects listed above?
a.
Cotton Gin
c.
Railroad
b.
Canals
d.
Telephone
 

 3. 

Use the Diagram and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.

mc003-1.jpg
Which title best completes the diagram above?
a.
Freedom from unreasonable searches
c.
Right to vote
b.
Freedom of speech
d.
Right to bear arms
 

 4. 

Which of the following was a cause of the great depression?
a.
Consumers were buying food grown in other countries.
c.
Natural Resources were becoming less available.
b.
The industrial sector was not producing enough goods.
d.
The stock market was not sufficiently regulated.
 

 5. 

Japanese Americans were held in internment camps during World War II because they
a.
disobeyed the state laws of California
c.
Were labled a threat to U.S. security
b.
Disagreed with president Roosevelts war strategy
d.
were unwilling to serve in the U.S. military
 

 6. 

Use the information in the box and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.

Reasons for the ____________?______________
Unrestricted Submarine Warfare
Zimmerman Telegram
Cultural & political ties to Great Britain
Threat to democratic governments

Which of the following best completes the title above?
a.
Creation of the Leaugue 0f Nations
c.
Formation of the Allied Powers
b.
U.S. entrance into World War I
d.
U.S. decision to contain communism
 

 7. 

Which New Deal agency established a pension program that contributes to the income of retired workers.
a.
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
c.
Securitties and Exchange Comission
b.
Social Security Administration
d.
Agricultural Adjustment Administration
 

 8. 

During the American Revolution George Washington-
a.
led the Sons of Liberty
c.
commanded the Continental army
b.
organized Committees of Correspondence
d.
trained the minutemen
 

 9. 

Use the table and your knowledge of social studiesto answer the following question
mc009-1.jpg
The table above lists exchanges between which areas?
a.
Europe, Asia, and Africa
c.
Europe, Africa, and the Americas
b.
Africa, Australia, and the Americas
d.
Australia, Antarctica, and Africa
 

 10. 

After the Civil War, many states passed Jim Crow Laws intended to counteract constitutional amendments that granted former slaves-
a.
settlement rights on western lands
c.
jobs in factories and mills
b.
citizenship and voting rights
d.
employment in federal agencies
 

 11. 


The Civil Rights movement’s strategy of nonviolent resistance was most widely advocated throughout the 1960s by
a.
Stokely Carmichael’s Black Power movement
c.
Martin Luther King, Jr.’s Southern Christian Leadership Conference
b.
Malcolm X’s organization of Afro-American Unity
d.
Huey P. Newton’s Black Panther Party
 

 12. 

Use the information in the box and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question
mc012-1.jpg
Which of the following is described by the list above?
a.
The Voting Rights Act of 1965
c.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964
b.
Brown v, Board of Education
d.
Regents of the University of California v. Bakke
 

 13. 

mc013-1.jpgThe Diagram above best describes the constitutional priciple of -
a.
checks and balances
c.
federalism
b.
popular sovereignity
d.
republicanism
 

 14. 

mc014-1.jpg
Which twentieth century U.S. leader is decribed by the list above?
a.
Henry Cabot Lodge
c.
Theodore Roosevelt
b.
George Marshall
d.
Harry S Truman
 

 15. 

mc015-1.jpg
a.
Fewer Assembly-line Jobs for workers
c.
Fewer people living in the suburbs
b.
More people working in agriculture
d.
More safety hazards for factory workers
 

 16. 

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Which title best completes the diagram above
a.
The Scopes Trial
c.
The Palmer raids
b.
The Espionage Act
d.
The Bonus Army
 

 17. 

mc017-1.jpg

Which event most contributed to the large number of trucks coming into the United States, as shown in the map above?
a.
The establishment of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
c.
The implementation of the Kyoto Protocol
b.
The implementation of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
d.
The signing of the World Trade Agreement
 

 18. 

mc018-1.jpg
a.
South Korea would not trade with other Asian countries
c.
The United States would not grant foreign aid to North Korea
b.
Taiwan attempted to seize control of South Korea
d.
North Korea wanted to unify the peninsula under a communist regime
 

 19. 

mc019-1.jpg

What is the best title for this diagram?
a.
Events of the Cold War
c.
Events of the Roaring Twenties
b.
Events of the Great Depression
d.
Events of the Civil Rights Era
 

 20. 

mc020-1.jpg

Which Title best completes the diagram above?
a.
Federalism
c.
Republicanism
b.
Unalienable Rights
d.
Voting Rights
 

 21. 

mc021-1.jpg
mc021-2.jpg
a.
The presence of missles in Cuba would make a U.S. invasion of the island impossible
c.
The physical location of the United States obligated it to protect Canada from attack
b.
The physical location of Cuba made large areas of the United States vulnerable ot attack
d.
The presence of missiles in Cuba would result in an arms race among Carribean countries
 

 22. 

mc022-1.jpg
mc022-2.jpg
a.
1,3,2,4
c.
1,4,3,2
b.
4,1,3,2
d.
4,2,1,3
 

 23. 

mc023-1.jpg
a.
The Soviet Union’s launch of Sputnik 1
c.
The Soviet Union’s placement of missiles in Cuba
b.
North Korea’s invasion of South Korea
d.
China’s development of an atomic bomb
 

 24. 

mc024-1.jpg
mc024-2.jpg
a.
The payment of housing allowances to British officers
c.
The fear of foreign invasion after the Revolutionary war
b.
The forced provision of shelter for British Troops
d.
The military draft enacted during the Revolutionary war
 

 25. 

mc025-1.jpg

mc025-2.jpg
a.
utilized irrigation techniques
c.
developed new agricultural technology
b.
adapted to their environment
d.
maintained contact with their neighbors
 

 26. 

mc026-1.jpg
What type of economy is decribed by the information above?
a.
Subsistence Agriculture
c.
Commercial Agriculture
b.
Cottage Industry
d.
Command Economy
 

 27. 

mc027-1.jpg
mc027-2.jpg
a.
Women’s suffrage
c.
Right to petition
b.
Abolition of slavery
d.
Freedom from poll taxes
 

 28. 

mc028-1.jpg
mc028-2.jpg
a.
Effects of the Baby Boom During the 1940’s
c.
Growth of the Service Industry during the 1960’s
b.
Impact of the Automobile During the 1950’s
d.
Results of the Gasoline shortages During the 1970’s
 

 29. 

mc029-1.jpg

mc029-2.jpg
a.
Expressed opposition to involvement in the conflict.
c.
performed duties that had been historically assigned to men
b.
risked their lives by serving in combat roles
d.
trained men to conduct air raids on the enemy
 

 30. 

mc030-1.jpg
a.
Universities raise Tuition
c.
School Segregation Banned
b.
State Schools receive new funding
d.
Community Colleges Created
 

 31. 

mc031-1.jpg

mc031-2.jpg
a.
the beginning of the colonial slave trade 
c.
the end of colonial religious activity
b.
the growth of colonial representative government
d.
the decline of the colonial population
 

 32. 

mc032-1.jpg
The 1932 cartoon above suggests that when Franklin Roosevelt became President
a.
agriculture and mining were the main issues
c.
domestic and international issues needed to be resolved
b.
voter turnout in local elections increased
d.
the federal government had reduced powers
 

 33. 

mc033-1.jpg
mc033-2.jpg
a.
voting in elections
c.
becoming missionaries
b.
working in factories
d.
studying economics
 

 34. 

mc034-1.jpg
a.
Robert E. Lee
c.
Ulysses S. Grant
b.
Andrew Johnson
d.
Abraham Lincoln
 

 35. 

mc035-1.jpg
a.
Civil War
c.
Nationalist Era
b.
Revolutionary War
d.
Reconstruction Era
 

 36. 

mc036-1.jpg

mc036-2.jpg
a.
1
c.
3
b.
2
d.
4
 

 37. 

mc037-1.jpg
mc037-2.jpg
a.
2,1,3,4
c.
3,4,2,1
b.
3,2,4,1
d.
4,2,3,1
 

 38. 

mc038-1.jpg
a.
Congress did not have the authority to levy an income tax.
c.
Separate but equal facilities for African Americans were legal
b.
Labor strikes which caused hardships for Americans were unconstitutional
d.
American Indians (First Americans) must reside on reservations
 

 39. 

mc039-1.jpg
a.
progressives
c.
reformers
b.
muckrakers
d.
exploiters
 

 40. 

mc040-1.jpg
Which of the following best completes the chart?
a.
Frederick Douglas
c.
Henry Bessemer
b.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
d.
Eugene Debs
 

 41. 

mc041-1.jpg
This poster was intended to persuade African Americans to -
a.
protest the segregation of military units
c.
encourage integration of industrial hiring practices
b.
protest the low wages paid in the war industry
d.
contribute labor to support the war effort
 

 42. 

mc042-1.jpg
Based on this quotation, African -American soldiers during World War II -
a.
lacked the proper training
c.
wanted to serve in battle
b.
refused to join units headed to overseas duty
d.
protested the integration of military units
 

 43. 

mc043-1.jpg
mc043-2.jpg
a.
Nisei Regiments
c.
the Navajo Language
b.
German Equipment
d.
the Tuskegee Airmen
 

 44. 

mc044-1.jpg
a.
Europe Before World War I
c.
Europe After World War II
b.
Europe During the Great Depression
d.
Europe after the Cold War
 

 45. 

Which of the following Supreme Court Justices does not demonstrate the increasing diversity of the Court since the Civil Rights movement of the 1940’s , 1950’s , and 1960’s?
a.
Sonia Sotomayor
c.
Clarence Thomas
b.
Elena Kagan
d.
John G. Roberts
 

 46. 

mc046-1.jpg
The above famous print of the Boston Massacre is most significant because it is:
a.
one of America’s first best pieces of propaganda.
c.
made from a silver engraving by John Adams.
b.
made by Boston’s Sam Adams
d.
one of the first violent attacks by the British on the colonists.
 

 47. 

Who wrote the following quote, “ In the following pages I offer nothing more than simple facts, plain arguments, and common sense.
a.
Thomas Jefferson
c.
Thomas Paine
b.
John Locke
d.
James Madison
 

 48. 


mc048-1.jpg
Use your knowledge of the American Revolution to put the above events in the proper order (first to last).
a.
a,b,c,d
c.
c,b,a,d
b.
c,a,b,d
d.
d,c,a,b
 

 49. 

Who was the most outspoken member of the Virginia House of Burgesses that famously declared , “Give me liberty or give me death”?
a.
Thomas Jefferson
c.
James Madison
b.
Patrick Henry
d.
Alexander Hamilton
 

 50. 

The British trade policy of requiring the colonists to sell all of thier raw goods to Britain and requiring the colonists to buy all their finished products from Britain was called
a.
Salutary Neglect
c.
Piracy
b.
Mercantilism
d.
Free - Trade
 

 51. 

The colonists responded to the Stamp Act with the following words:
a.
Don’t tread on me!
c.
Go Home!
b.
No taxation without representation!
d.
Give me Liberty or Give me Death!
 

 52. 

Thomas Jeffersons election as President in 1800 was viewed as a Revolution because:
a.
France just had a revolution and taught Jefferson how to take power.
c.
Jeffersons Democratic Republican party overthrew John Adam’s government using violence.
b.
it was the first time the office of President had changed peacefully from one political party to another.
d.
Britain came out as a strong supporter for Thomas Jefferson.
 

 53. 

The Missouri Compromise of 1820 included all of the following provisions but:
a.
Missouri would be admitted as a slave state.
c.
Maine was admitted as a free state.
b.
The 36°30° line was established, where all states north of the line would be free, and all states below the line would be slave states.
d.
New Hampshire was admitted as a a free state.
 

 54. 

The spoils system was first used by this president to aid people who helped him get elected in getting jobs.
a.
Thomas Jefferson
c.
Andrew Jackson
b.
James Monroe
d.
Abraham Lincoln
 

 55. 

Which war was responsible for adding Texas, New Mexico, and California to the United States and would later bring about Compromise of 1850 to help America decide what to do with the new territory.
a.
War of 1812
c.
Civil War
b.
War with Mexico
d.
The Revolutionary War
 

 56. 

The Kansas Nebraska Act brought about the possibility that these two territories could choose whether or not they would be free or slave states. This “choosing” is called:
a.
picking
c.
suffrage
b.
popular soveriegnity
d.
electing
 

 57. 

When George Washington made his farewell address he warned his fellow americans about:
a.
Political Parties and foriegn entanglements.
c.
Mexicans.
b.
Native Americans
d.
Pirates
 

 58. 

Marbury v Madison has importance as the most important court case in American history because:
a.
it introduced the importance of the supremacy clause.
c.
it was John Marshall’s first decision as Chief Justice.
b.
it introduced the power of judicial review which locked in the supreme courts position as a coequal branch of government.
d.
the necessary and proper clause was used to get rid of the group of Supreme court justices that President Adam’s had nominated.
 

 59. 

The Dredd Scott decision stated that African American’s were not citizens and could not sue in court. Which of the following items does not agree with the Supreme court’s decision upholding slavery or the aftermath caused by the decision.
a.
living in a free territory for a time had not made Scott free.
c.
the courts decision against Scott, which had made slavery legal everywhere invalidated all of the slavery compromises.
b.
the court ruled Congress had no power to ban slavery anywhere because slaves were private property.
d.
pro-slavery forces celebrated their victory and thought that slavery would continue on for a long time.
 

 60. 

Which of the following did not help encourage America to meet its Manifest Destiny?
a.
Canals
c.
Cotton Gin
b.
Railroads
d.
Steam Engine
 

 61. 

Which of the following is not true about the Monroe Doctrine:
a.
American Continents should not be considered for future colonization by any European Powers.
c.
an attack on any of the Americas is an attack on the United States.
b.
Europe has Kings and Queens the Americas are for Republics
d.
America is an exception in the world and can not be restricted.
 

 62. 

Which of the following Civil Rights Leaders grew up in the south and made the important “Atlanta Compromise” speech in Atlanta, Georgia 1895.
a.
W.E.B. Dubois
c.
Frederick Douglas
b.
Booker T. Washington
d.
Abraham Lincoln
 

 63. 


“Men of America, the problem is plain before you. Here is a race transplanted through the criminal foolishness of your fathers. Whether you like it or not there are millions here and here they will remain. If you do not lift them up, they will pull you down. Education and work are the levers to uplift a people.”
Which Harvard graduate and Civil Rights leader wrote the above words.
a.
Frederick Douglas
c.
W.E.B. Dubois
b.
Booker T Washington
d.
Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth
 

 64. 

Government should not interefere with Gilded Age American businesses. Businesses got away with abuses of the immigrant population. Businesses were willing to do anything to turn a profit. The above illustrates best the concept of :
a.
Mercantilism
c.
Full employment immigration.
b.
laissez -Faire capitalism
d.
Socialism.
 

 65. 

Robber Baron or Captains of Industry

Which of the following people does not belong with the following table.

mc065-1.jpg
a.
Carnegie
c.
Rockefeller
b.
Vanderbilt
d.
Wright Brothers
 

 66. 


During the progressive movment sometimes laws were made that didn’t serve the people. Recalls, referendums, and initiatives were created to help with the problems. Initiatives were  created to help people:
a.
start a process to recall a law
c.
put a proposed law onto an election ballot.
b.
start a process to impeach a council
d.
start a process to impeach a mayor.
 

 67. 

American Secretary of State John Hay established which policy to encourage trade with this large country in asia.


mc067-1.jpg

a.
Monroe Doctrine
c.
Roosevelt Corallary
b.
Dollar Diplomacy
d.
Open Door Policy
 

 68. 



mc068-1.jpg

The Spanish American war resulted in the United States making all of the following territorial gains except:
a.
Puerto Rico
c.
Phillipines
b.
Jamaica
d.
Guam
 

 69. 


mc069-1.jpg

The above president created, “Dollar Diplomacy” where American Dollars would be used to influence what region/area of the world.
a.
South Pacific
c.
Africa
b.
Latin America
d.
Asia
 

 70. 



mc070-1.jpg

The above state was purchased in 1867 from Russia for 7.2 million dollars. This purchase was also known as

a.
Sewards Folly
c.
Roosevelt’s New Deal
b.
a bargain
d.
Johnson’s Bargain
 



 
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